The BRIDGE Curriculum


Summary of BRIDGE modules

The soft launch of V3 BRIDGE has begun! All V3 modules will be released in stages over the coming two years and will be considered to be DRAFT until the BRIDGE community has had time to engage with the materials. Feedback to the BRIDGE Office on your experience with V3 is appreciated. All current BRIDGE materials will remain accessible and can be found under the Curriculum tab/ Curriculum Version 2  You will notice the modernised and streamlined look of the new modules. A major change to the V3 modules is the removal of generic BRIDGE content relevant to all modules. A new overarching document currently titled ‘BRIDGE Facilitators Tasks V3’ will instead cover all facilitators’ pre and post-workshop tasks, as well as activities to be carried out during the first and last day of any BRIDGE workshop. Version 3 Modules for download (BRIDGE facilitators access only) can be found here.

Curriculum Framework

Introduction to Electoral Administration


Strategic Planning for Electoral Management


Institutional Strengthening and Professional Development





Legal Framework and Reform (Le)

Electoral Costs and Finances 


Disabilities and Elections


Boundary Delimitation


Voter Registration


Electoral Education and Information


Electoral Systems


Electoral Operations and Logistics


Electoral Contestants


Electoral Dispute Resolution


Election Day and Results Management


Media and Elections


Gender Equality and Elections (Ge)

Note: words in brackets are the short title of each module

Module Overview



Introduction to Electoral Administration

  • Standards, principles and management techniques that are fundamental to good electoral practice
  • Elections in a global context – How do elections link to democratic governance and development?
  • Introduction to the topics in the BRIDGE curriculum for further deepening study of elections in the specialised modules

Strategic Planning for Electoral Management (NEW)

  • Planning and project management skills that underpin any successful electoral endeavour
  • Theoretical, preparatory and practical parts provide:

-          an overall vision of the strategic planning process - What is strategic planning? How is the methodology implemented? What does it intend to achieve?What benefits does it bring to the EMB?

-          the ability for an EMB to move from the initial, theoretical stage to the implementation stage

-          a practical implementation stage that takes the EMB through a rigorous and highly detailed systematic process of a full ‘Strategic Planning Cycle’

Institutional Strengthening and Professional Development (NEW – merges relevant sections from former Electoral Management Design and Electoral Training modules)

  • Instituting good electoral processes—freedom, fairness, equity, integrity, voting secrecy, transparency, effectiveness, sustainability, service-mindedness, efficiency, impartiality and accountability
  • Establishing of coherent structures, processes, and leadership and consolidating genuinely autonomous, neutral and professional electoral administration for the long term
  • Working with and building electoral stakeholders’ confidence
  • Developing and implementing long term capacity building programs
  • Principles underlying professionalism of EMB staff such as impartiality, accountability and transparency


Legal Framework

  • Elements of legal frameworks’ meeting international standards for democratic elections
  • Requirements for free access to the electoral process for candidates, voters and the media
  • Guaranteed integrity of the electoral process through effective and inclusive voting procedures, a transparent, accurate and rapid tabulation of results and provisions for transparency in the legal framework
  • Legal frameworks that respond effectively to complaints and violations

Boundary Delimitation

  • Main principles underlying a credible and acceptable boundary delimitation process
  • Delimitation tasks such as allocating seats, producing databases of maps and data, evaluating district plans and preparing an operational plan for the conduct of a delimitation process
  • Alternative approaches to boundary delimitation

Electoral Systems

  • Main principles and criteria for electoral system design
  • Alternative approaches to and classifications of electoral systems
  • Implications of alternative electoral systems on the representation of various groups in society, cost and the sustainability of institutions.

Electoral Dispute Resolution

  • Bodies responsible for managing election conflicts and disputes
  • Mechanisms used and their advantages and disadvantages
  • Accepted standards and principles for dealing with conflicts and disputes
  • Skills used in best practice in informal conflict management
  • Typical court processes and advantages and disadvantages of dispute resolution


Electoral Costs and Finances (NEW – merges relevant sections from former Strategic and Financial Planning and Political Finance modules)

  • General principles of sound financial management and planning
  • Main principles, structures and institutions underlying a credible and workable political financing regulatory framework
  • Types of costs, budgets, sources of revenue and main expenses related to elections
  • Forecasting and cost management practices and tools for effective financial planning
  • Challenges to electoral financing, costing and budgeting dilemmas
  • Possible resolutions to significant political financing issues and issues in the immediate environment

Voter Registration

  • Principles of voter registration (Why have registration? What are the criteria for eligibility?)
  • Legal foundations and three main types of voter register
  • Major operational steps towards successful voter registration
  • Alternative approaches to voter registration for election designers, policy makers and advocacy groups
  • Logistical arrangements and implementation steps of a voter registration exercise

Electoral Operations and Logistics (Renamed - prev. Pre-election Activities module)

  • Tools to develop a thorough logistics plan in a professional, ethical and confident way
  • Complexity of the logistical operations of elections
  • Importance of thorough planning of all aspects of elections

Election Day and Results Management (Renamed - prev. Polling, Counting and Results module)

  • Tools to develop a thorough logistics plan for polling, counting and results
  • Standards, principles and management techniques that are fundamental to good logistical planning
  • Resources (human and material, sensitive and non-sensitive) required for polling, counting andresults


Inclusion in Electoral Processes (Renamed - prev. Access to Electoral Processes module)

  • Areas of the electoral process where inclusion is an issue –affected parts of the population and existing solutions
  • Networking opportunity for advocacy groups, as well as specific tools to analyse the electoral structures and procedures and develop strategies to ensure inclusion
  • Importance of consultation processes throughout the electoral cycle to ensure inclusion
  • Disability specific inclusive principles and practices

Electoral Education and Information (Prev. Voter Information and Civic Education)

  • Definitions, rationale and principles of electoral education and information
  • Different types of voter information and civic education programs
  • Developing and implementing electoral education and voter information programs
  • Implementing community based civic and electoral education programs

Electoral Contestants

  • Electoral principles, structures and processes as they affect party and candidate representatives
  • Nature and organisation of political contests in order to effectively manage them
  • Mechanisms for communication between EMBs and parties
  • Technical, legal and operational aspects of candidate nominations in order to ensure a credible electoral process
  • Conditions required to guarantee equitable access to media and the appropriate use of campaign finances, in order to establish a level playing field for all contestants

Media & Elections

  • Electoral principles, structures and processes as they affect media regulation, campaign and election coverage and voter education
  • Mechanisms for communication between EMBs and media in advance of an electoral process

Gender & Elections

  • Importance of women's participation in the electoral process and strategies for improvement
  • Tools to consider elections from a gender perspective
  • Networking opportunities for women's advocacy groups



Summary of BRIDGE modules

Click [here] for a summary of all audiences, objectives, structures and special features of all BRIDGE modules (download currently restricted to facilitators - to be amended)

Click [here] for a document listing all key understandings, learning outcomes and assessment criteria for each module (download currently restricted to facilitators - to be amended)

BRIDGE module framework

Below is the BRIDGE module framework. Click on a module to find out more about it.


Restricted access materials

To access these materials you must be logged in as a BRIDGE facilitator or approved user.

Module curriculum documents

Click [here] to go to the curriculum materials for the BRIDGE modules and the Train the Facilitator workshop. This includes:

  • Facilitators Notes
  • Facilitator materials (OHPs, FRs, HOs)
  • Participant notes
  • AV materials where relevant

Graphics, logos, powerpoints

Click [here] to go to the graphic and promotional materials for BRIDGE. This includes:

  • The BRIDGE and partner logos
  • BRIDGE posters
  • BRIDGE icons, colours
  • BRIDGE brochures
  • PowerPoint presentations about BRIDGE
  • Photo slideshows and videos about BRIDGE
  • BRIDGE workshop resources such as banners, nametags, certificates

Implementation files

Click [here] to go to the files for BRIDGE implementation. This includes:

  • The BRIDGE Implementation Manual - full version
  • The BRIDGE Implementation Manual - abridged version for organisations
  • The Implementation Toolkit (useful documents such as sample reports)
  • Materials for the BRIDGE Implementation Workshop


Click [here] to go to the translations page.