The BRIDGE Curriculum

BRIDGE Curriculum V3

The soft launch of V3 BRIDGE has begun! All V3 modules will be released in stages over the coming two years and will be considered to be DRAFT until the BRIDGE community has had time to engage with the materials. Feedback to the BRIDGE Office on your experience with V3 is appreciated. All current V2 BRIDGE materials will remain accessible during the transition. You will notice the modernised and streamlined look of the new modules.

A major change to the V3 modules is the removal of generic BRIDGE content relevant to all modules. A new overarching document currently titled ‘BRIDGE Facilitators Tasks V3’ will instead cover all facilitators’ pre and post-workshop tasks, as well as activities to be carried out during the first and last day of any BRIDGE workshop.

V3 Curriculum Framework

Foundation
  • Standards, principles and management techniques that are fundamental to good electoral practice
  • Elections in a global context – How do elections link to democratic governance and development?
  • Introduction to the topics in the BRIDGE curriculum for further deepening study of elections in the specialised modules
  • Planning and project management skills that underpin any successful electoral endeavour
  • Theoretical, preparatory and practical parts provide:

– an overall vision of the strategic planning process:
What is strategic planning?
How is the methodology implemented?
What does it intend to achieve?
What benefits does it bring to the EMB?

– the ability for an EMB to move from the initial, theoretical stage to the implementation stage

– a practical implementation stage that takes the EMB through a rigorous and highly detailed systematic process of a full ‘Strategic Planning Cycle’

(NEW – merges relevant sections from former Electoral Management Design and Electoral Training modules)

  • Instituting good electoral processes—freedom, fairness, equity, integrity, voting secrecy, transparency, effectiveness, sustainability, service-mindedness, efficiency, impartiality and accountability
  • Establishing of coherent structures, processes, and leadership and consolidating genuinely autonomous, neutral and professional electoral administration for the long term
  • Working with and building electoral stakeholders’ confidence
  • Developing and implementing long term capacity building programs
  • Principles underlying professionalism of EMB staff such as impartiality, accountability and transparency
Architecture
  • Elements of legal frameworks’ meeting international standards for democratic elections
  • Requirements for free access to the electoral process for candidates, voters and the media
  • Guaranteed integrity of the electoral process through effective and inclusive voting procedures, a transparent, accurate and rapid tabulation of results and provisions for transparency in the legal framework
  • Legal frameworks that respond effectively to complaints and violations
  • Main principles underlying a credible and acceptable boundary delimitation process
  • Delimitation tasks such as allocating seats, producing databases of maps and data, evaluating district plans and preparing an operational plan for the conduct of a delimitation process
  • Alternative approaches to boundary delimitation
  • Main principles and criteria for electoral system design
  • Alternative approaches to and classifications of electoral systems
  • Implications of alternative electoral systems on the representation of various groups in society, cost and the sustainability of institutions.
  • Bodies responsible for managing election conflicts and disputes
  • Mechanisms used and their advantages and disadvantages
  • Accepted standards and principles for dealing with conflicts and disputes
  • Skills used in best practice in informal conflict management
  • Typical court processes and advantages and disadvantages of dispute resolution
Administration

(NEW – merges relevant sections from former Strategic and Financial Planning and Political Finance modules)

  • General principles of sound financial management and planning
  • Main principles, structures and institutions underlying a credible and workable political financing regulatory framework
  • Types of costs, budgets, sources of revenue and main expenses related to elections
  • Forecasting and cost management practices and tools for effective financial planning
  • Challenges to electoral financing, costing and budgeting dilemmas
  • Possible resolutions to significant political financing issues and issues in the immediate environment
  • Principles of voter registration (Why have registration? What are the criteria for eligibility?)
  • Legal foundations and three main types of voter register
  • Major operational steps towards successful voter registration
  • Alternative approaches to voter registration for election designers, policy makers and advocacy groups
  • Logistical arrangements and implementation steps of a voter registration exercise

(Renamed – prev. Pre-election Activities module)

  • Tools to develop a thorough logistics plan in a professional, ethical and confident way
  • Complexity of the logistical operations of elections
  • Importance of thorough planning of all aspects of elections

(Renamed – prev. Polling, Counting and Results module)

  • Tools to develop a thorough logistics plan for polling, counting and results
  • Standards, principles and management techniques that are fundamental to good logistical planning
  • Resources (human and material, sensitive and non-sensitive) required for polling, counting andresults
Participation

(Renamed – prev. Access to Electoral Processes module)

  • Areas of the electoral process where inclusion is an issue –affected parts of the population and existing solutions
  • Networking opportunity for advocacy groups, as well as specific tools to analyse the electoral structures and procedures and develop strategies to ensure inclusion
  • Importance of consultation processes throughout the electoral cycle to ensure inclusion
  • Disability specific inclusive principles and practices

(Prev. Voter Information and Civic Education)

  • Definitions, rationale and principles of electoral education and information
  • Different types of voter information and civic education programs
  • Developing and implementing electoral education and voter information programs
  • Implementing community based civic and electoral education programs
  • Electoral principles, structures and processes as they affect party and candidate representatives
  • Nature and organisation of political contests in order to effectively manage them
  • Mechanisms for communication between EMBs and parties
  • Technical, legal and operational aspects of candidate nominations in order to ensure a credible electoral process
  • Conditions required to guarantee equitable access to media and the appropriate use of campaign finances, in order to establish a level playing field for all contestants
  • Electoral principles, structures and processes as they affect media regulation, campaign and election coverage and voter education
  • Mechanisms for communication between EMBs and media in advance of an electoral process
  • Importance of women’s participation in the electoral process and strategies for improvement
  • Tools to consider elections from a gender perspective
  • Networking opportunities for women’s advocacy groups

Module curriculum documents are only available for BRIDGE facilitators.

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